The area has been inhabited since Paleolithic times, with archaeological records left by Gauls— the Cenomani of Brixia (modern Brescia), Romans and Lombards. The name Franciacorta, attested in 1277, is thought to derive from curtes francae, the fortified courts of the Frankish empire established in the 8th century.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion, leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ (Dinaromorphic) Nordo-Mediterranean
Unsurprisingly enough, the area exhibits more or less leptomorphic types which are pretty North Italian-looking (light eyes and hair, more or less convex nose, ...). Another darker series is more pan-Italian though facial length on women is a common trait in North Italy.
- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, square-box face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, wide set eyes
Brachymorphic types complete the usual North Italian panorama. Individuals showing very "ethnic" local features such as frizzy blonde hair, a big nose, light eyes can be found.
- Final morphotypes :