Sunday, October 28, 2012

Dienekes' globe10 calculator : my results

Dienekes released a new calculator (K=10) and here is a brief analyzis of my own results.

For previous K7b results, see : Dienekes' K7b calculator : my results
For a description of 'globe10' : [DODECAD] 'globe10 calculator

My results :

  76.20%  Atlantic_Baltic   
  20.77%  Southern     
  1.05%  West_Asian  
  0.89%  South_Asian     
  0.87%  Amerindian         
  0.21%  Siberian 
  0.01%  East_Asian     
  0.00%  Australasian       
  0.00%  Palaeo_African     
  0.00%  Neo_African        

See the following spreadsheet for results for selected populations :

My individual results are rather similar to previous runs.

 - I am mostly made of a component which peaks in the Atlantic and Baltic (around 85%) and which was the main component of Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers, either in modern Gotland (Ajv52 and Ajv70) or in Mesolithic Iberia (Bra1 for La Braña in Asturias).

-  About 20% of my genetic variation is analyzed under the component dubbed "Southern" which peaks in the Middle-East (Arabia, ...) and in North Africa where it can amount for as far as 50% of autochtonous people's genetic variation.

That component was already present in Neolithic farmers such as Oetzi in the Italian Alps or Gok4 in southern Sweden. It undoubtedly originated from the Middle-East and hints to a mixing of aboriginal hunter-gatherer European people with agriculturalist migrants from the Near East.

The Basques (see the aforementioned spreadsheet) do show around 22-24% of "Southern" admixture whereas nearby neighbours who lived in Mesolithic times such as Bra1 do not show such admixture yet. What should it mean ? As far as these results are concerned, it means that the ancestors of Basque people were genetically affected by the wave of agriculturalist migrants who brought agriculture to Europe.

Modern-day Europeans all seem to mostly be a mix of old-stock European genes (dubbed "Atlantic-Baltic") and Middle-Eastern/trans-Mediterranean genes (dubbed "Southern"). The populations least affected by these Neolithic migrants are modern-day North Europeans. Gok4 proves that those "southern"-shifted agricultarists then migrated into Northern Europe where they met the last hunter-gatherers and with whom they eventually mixed (thus diluting the "Southern" component).

- I do show about 1% of West Asian admixture which peaks in the Caucasus and the Middle East as well. The Basques show none. The French do show around 9%, Spaniards around 6% on average (it differs much : around 10% in Balearic Islands as opposed to a rather low 4% in Aragon and Cantabria), Sardinians less than 3%.

That migration, probably associated with the spreading of Indo-European languages, clearly is what differentiates Vasconic people from their European neighbours : Basque ethnogenesis is then a late Neolithic event (which doesn't mean anything about the origins of the Basque language).

Conclusion :

As a whole, I don't differ from Basque people : I am essentially a mix of old-stock European genes and "Southern " ones the origins of which can be debated but seem to date back from the early Neolithic. I also somehow show tiny bits of "West Asian" admixture which might hint to the fact Eastern Béarn was more opened to foreign influence than deep Basque valleys but my admixture remains marginal when compared to the average French results (9 times greater).