Sunday, February 27, 2011

Haro : La Rioja (Spain)

The area of Haro, also known as "La Rioja Alta", is delimitated by the Ebro river in the North which constitutes the border with Basque lands, and is mostly made of the valleys of the Tirón and the Oja rivers, two affluents of the Ebro. In the South, the area is separated from Soria by the "Picos de Urbión". "High Rioja" is where most Basque placenames of Rioja can be found : Cihuri, Sajazarra, Ochánduri, Nájera, Ezcaray, ...





La Rioja in pre-Roman times


  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, grey/black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlanto-Mediterranean




Unsurprisingly enough, some individuals exhibit rather obvious Vasconic features such as a strong dinaromorphism (read : a convex nose) or pseudo-slanted grey/green eyes. On average these people don't differ from their Riojanese neighbours in Logroño. Less archetypal Mediterranoid types are found as well.




Eventually, brachymorphic types can be found : these individuals are characterized by a very strong jaw. They're intermediate with Alpinoid type.





- Type 2 :
Intermediate complexion (rather dark hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, little and puffy nose, strong jaw, rather distanced and somehow chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid




Such types are always uneasy to analyse as eventually they're rather undistinct and lack the decisive ethnic features leptomorphic types do possess. Let's say that this type is pretty widespread throughout the peninsula but might be more specifically Castillian.


  • Morphotypes finaux / Final morphotypes :

Logroño : La Rioja (Spain)

The area of Logroño, also known as "La Rioja Media", is delimitated by the Ebro river in the North which constitutes the border with Basque lands, and is mostly made of the valleys of the Iregua and the Jubera rivers, two affluents of the Ebro. Like the remainder of La Rioja, the whole region used to belong to the Kingdom of Navarre and probably beforehand to the Berones whose ethnic character remains debated as most ancient placeames are undoubtedly Celtic even though a Proto-Basque past is very probable as proved by epigraphic remnants which show clear Vasconic traits.




La Rioja in pre-Roman times




  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, grey/black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlanto-Mediterranean




Unsurprisingly enough, some individuals exhibit rather obvious Vasconic features such as a strong dinaromorphism (read : a convex nose) or pseudo-slanted grey/green eyes. On average these people are nevertheless rather large-faced (and it is not only about women) which is in contrast with the very leptoprosopic types one can find in Basque lands. Less archetypal Mediterranoid types are found as well.





- Type 2 :
Intermediate complexion (rather dark hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, little and puffy nose, strong jaw, rather distanced and somehow chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid




Such types are rather rare as far as my sampling techniques allow me to state.


  • Final morphotypes :

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Tudela : Navarre (Spain)

Despite being originally part of the territory of the Vascones, the merindad of Tudela was only relatively and lately incorporated into the Kingdom of Navarre after the Reconquista : consequently, placenames don't show remnants of Basque toponymy and the culture of this area watered by the Ebro river is deeply Romance even though surnames now and then show Basque roots like in neighbouring Rioja (the Basque linguistic heritage of which is somehow more obvious).






The territory of the Vascones



  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, grey/black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlanto-Mediterranean




These individuals seem to show obvious Basque-related features (a convex nose, a triangular face, high cheekbones, grey/green eyes, ...). They don't differ much from their eastern neighbours in Cinco Villas but absolutely differ from Aragonese people in Tarazona.

Some more brachycephalic individuals, essentially masculine (women being less leptoprosopic in the first place except in some areas where women can be as long-faced as males), announce Alpinoid types (larger face, distant eyes, ...). They were already identified in Cinco Villas as well.




- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (rather dark hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, little and puffy nose, strong jaw, rather distanced and somehow chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid




Interestingly enough, the "Ribera de Navarra" allows us to identify clear Alpinoid types even though some individuals - more particularly women - actually show features which are common up to the Basque-speaking lands of Navarre (a strong angular jaw for instance). Nevertheless, on first analysis, it is fair to theorize that these types are rather specific to the Ebro valley. Stay tuned.


  • Morphotypes finaux / Final morphotypes :

Monday, February 21, 2011

Tarazona : Aragon (Spain)

Around Turiaso (modern Tarazona), the Ebro river more or less constituted the border between the Vascones of proto-Basque background situated on the northern bank (in what is now the Navarrese Riberra and Cinco Villas) and the Belli affiliated to the Celtiberians on the southern bank controlling both the mines of Moncayo and the valley of the Ebro river. The sampled area - which more or less follows the southern bank of the Ebro river - was thus in Celtiberian land.






Celtiberian tribes in the vicinity of Saragossa

  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), straight or convex nose, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ (Dinaricized) Atlanto-Mediterranean




This is a common Iberian type. These individuals don't show many signs of Basque influence (high cheekbones, triangle-shaped face, ...) contrary to their counterparts in Cinco Villas. We have clearly left "Vasconic" lands when crossing the Ebro river. The following "nose-less" variant confirms this assumption : we've entered "Iberian" lands.





- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (rather dark hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, little and puffy nose, strong jaw, rather distanced and somehow chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid




Another pan-Iberian type abundantly found in North Iberia. Some individuals charcaterized by a very strong jaw and a rather specific nose are quite typical from non-Pyrenean Aragon and clearly dominate as one goes southwards. Let's notice that contrary to some other Iberian areas, those "Alpinoid" individuals are rather light as far as complexion is concerned.





  • Final morphotypes :