Sunday, November 20, 2011

Valle de Campoo : Cantabria (Spain)

Traditionally, the whole area - formerly known as the Merindad de Aguilar de Campoo - encompassed lands now in modern Palencia and it had been this way since ancient times. It is likely that here was situated the Roman town of Iuliobriga, a Roman colonial creation the name of which is related to Flaviobriga (to emperors' names, Celtic "briga" was added) and the ruins of which can be found not far from Reinosa. The Valley of Campoo is where the Ebro river's source can be found.






Cantabrian lands in Roman times



  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, black/grey eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), straight or convex nose rather parallel to the face, rather close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ (Dinaricized) Atlanto-Mediterranean




Are they really Atlanto-Med ? Nordoid ? Atlantid ? Eventually, I don't really care about terminology : what matters is that these people are all more or less leptomorphic (women being considerably larger-faced) and share common features such as blue eyes, a rather protuding and convex nose, ... This type was already identified in the Valley of Pas.

A little note about my beliefs (it's important after months of stand-by and me not answering to some comments made) : the way I sort people out is pretty straightforward. On one hand, lepto people, on the other hand, brachy ones with transitional people being lumped into one category or another. I firmly believe that what matters most are secondary features such as the distribution of nose shape. To sum up, my goal is to find common family traits between neighbouring populations to infer whether or not they may be closely related.

In this peculiar case, there's only one question : do these Cantabrian people look like Basque people ? My personal feeling is "somehow" but still within a distinct variation. Do they look Asturian on average ? I cannot say for sure, but the average lack of dark brachy Asturo-Galician types clearly hints to another genetic landscape (see my Asturian samples for an illustration or check morphotypes which are good averages).



- Type 2 : Dark complexion (dark hair, black eyes, ...), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, in some cases high-headed, rather little nose (on males at least), strong jaw, close-set eyes
~ Alpino-Mediterranean




This is an usual Iberian type quite widespread in the North of the peninsula. More interestingly maybe, one can find individuals who show the same "reduced" and puffy features yet appear to be elongated variants of the previous individuals (you've got a good example of me hesitating where to put these "transitional" people who are only transitional as I define "ideal" types which are not). Notice the jaw shape.




  • Final morphotypes :

2 comments:

  1. Notice please that the Wikipedia map of "Cantabrian lands" is a total fantasy: all the Eastern half or third of modern Cantabria (roughly from Santander Bay) was part of the land of the Autrigones by all accounts, who also extended south to the Ebro Basin. These lands have been added to ancient Cantabria in this fancy map for ideological and not objective reasons.

    Also IMO Flaviobriga, former Portus Amanus should be either Abando (modern Bilbao) or Abanto (near Muskiz) and probably not Castro Urdiales. The belief of Castro being the site comes only from its name "Castro" (presumably from Lat. castrum: fort) but there's no archaeological evidence that I know of: it's pure speculation. I personally favor Abando because we know that Bilbao existed before its formal fundation in 1300 and is so strategically located to connect the Upper Ebro and the Duero Plateau with the ocean that it'd be silly that the Romans would choose other location. Would not be Bilbao/Abando, then somehwere else in the same estuary because it really asks for it. Another possible location could be Forua, near Gernika, which does have Roman ruins (however it's a worse location and in principle has no relation with the name Amanus/Abanto/Abando).

    As for the people, they look very much Spaniard to me, even Nordic... and not really Basque looking. However many types may be in fact related in a very distant way and not be truly all-Spaniard but Cantabria-specific. Unsure.

    ReplyDelete
  2. These lands have been added to ancient Cantabria in this fancy map for ideological and not objective reasons.
    You'd better tell that to your friend Nabalur about his maps of the Navarra Kingdom. LOL!

    The belief of Castro being the site comes only from its name "Castro" (presumably from Lat. castrum: fort) but there's no archaeological evidence that I know of: it's pure speculation. I personally favor Abando because we know that Bilbao existed before its formal fundation in 1300
    Really? I know you come from Bilbao, Luis, so perhaps you could show us the evidence.

    As for the people, they look very much Spaniard to me, even Nordic... and not really Basque looking.
    Actually, the man with gray hair strongly reminds me of Patxi Zabaleta. :-)

    ReplyDelete

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.