Monday, April 25, 2011

Waldeck : Hesse (Germany)

An early Celtic presence in what is now Hesse is indicated by a mid 5th century BC La Tène style burial uncovered at Glauberg. The region was later settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe in ca. the 1st century BC, and the name Hesse is a continuation of that tribal name. In the early Middle Ages, a Frankish gau comprising an area around Fritzlar and Kassel and a Saxon one further north were known as Hessengau. In the 9th century the Saxon Hessengau also came under the rule of the Franconians. In the 12th century it was passed to Thuringia.

The district of Waldeck-Frankenberg was created in 1972 by merging the two districts of Frankenberg and Waldeck. Most of the area of the district was previously part of the Freistaat Waldeck, the successor of the principality of Waldeck.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion (light hair, light eyes, ...), more or less leptomorphic, a rather large face on some individuals, a high-rooted and convex nose, high cheekbones, close-set eyes, large jaw
~ Nordo-Dinaric

These individuals are rather Dutch/Belgian-looking : some authors have used the label "Keltic-Nordic" to label such type (generally used to describe similar types in the British Isles). By the way, terminology is rather useless : what matters is that such dinaromorphic type is nearly absent from more northern areas such as Lower Saxony and is quite abundant from Hesse to Bavaria. Some individuals are much more brachymorphic.

Eventually one can find rather indistinct Nordoid types - noted for rather puffier features particularly in the nose area lacking dinaromorphism - which are frequent in the whole of Germanic lands. These individuals are not impressively leptomorphic, quite the contrary actually, and they smoothly lead us to the the second type one can detect.

- Type 2 : Light complexion (light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, more or less little and broad nose, square-faced, broad forehead, wide-set eyes, rather long eyelids, large jaw
~ Alpinoid/Subnordid

This category lacks unity : individuals come in all shape and complexion. Some individuals do show "Borreby" features, others are "Alpinid" as in Austria. There seems to be a subtle transition between both types somewhere in Germany but my skills don't allow me to tell more for the moment. It might just be an artefact eventually.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. In the Type 1 , the 5 man is mediterranean .

  2. In the type 1 the first two women have Mediterranean influences, and the third has nothing Nordic, is Alpine, Mediterranean and Dinaric

  3. My wife thought I look most like the Nordo-Dinaric men from north Hesse, but my body type is anything but leptomorphic. If anything, I have a very robust build. Is there any such thing as a robust Nordo-Dinaric?


I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.