Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Ávila : Castile and León (Spain)

In pre-Roman times (5th century BC), it was inhabited by the Vettones, who called it Obila ("High Mountain") and had here one of their strongest fortresses. The Vettones were apparently a group of tribes of Hispano-Celtic and Celtiberian origin organized since the 3rd Century BC into a tribal confederacy of undeterminated strength. Even though their tribes’ names are obscure, the study of local epigraphic evidence has shed some light here, allowing the positive identification of the Calontienses, Coerenses, Caluri and Bletonesii, but the others remain unknown.

A predominantely cattle-herder people that practiced transhumance, archeology has identified them with the local 2nd Iron Age ‘Cogotas II’ Culture, also known as the ‘Culture of the Verrascos’ (verracos de piedra), named after the crude granite sculptures representing pigs, wild boars and bulls that still dot their former region.



Map of the location of the Vettones, was in several provinces of Spain and borders Portugal



  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), brachymorphic, broad face, round features, short and broad nose, wide-set eyes, wide-spaced sloping and rather chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid




This type was abundantly found in Portuguese and Leonese areas : it would fit a "Berid" definition. It seems to be quite widespread in the whole NW corner of the Iberian peninsula.


- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, leptomorphic, narrow "horsy" face, long and straight nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes, rather narrow eyelids
~ Atlanto-Mediterranean




This is a basic Iberian type. Somehow, these people remind us of neighbouring "horsy" Portuguese types. Another series can be identified which is characterized by angular facial features alongside puffy and rather unimpressive secondary features (nose, ...).




  • Final morphotypes :

1 comment:

  1. They remind me the people I've seen in Morocco and Algeria. There must be a blood connection between the Hispano-Maghreb Mediterranean banks.

    ReplyDelete

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.