Monday, July 19, 2010

Waremme : Wallonia (Belgium)

Several findings were unearthed near Waremme containing remnants of Neolithic and Bronze Age settlements. The main Roman road linking Bavai to Cologne passed right through the territory. Tumuli and Roman villas were found nearby. Waremme, known as Borgworm in Dutch, is situated at the lingustic border with Dutch-speaking areas of Belgium.




  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Light complexion, brachymorphic, developed browridges, high and straight forehead, broad cheekbones, very broad jaw, rather wide-set eyes
~ Borreby




This type is abundant in NW Europe. These individuals somehow show stronger affinities with their neighbouring Flemish counterparts than with Picard people : rather puffy features, very distanced eyes are features found in Dutch-speaking areas.


- Type 2 : Light complexion, leptomorphic, long "horsy" face, long nose, dinaromorphism, long and narrow jaw, close-set eyes
~ Keltic-Nordic




Once more, this is the infamous "horsy" phenotype so common amongst Dutch-speaking people already identified in Flanders. The area somehow confirms its "Flemish" affinities. Another series, albeit darker :




  • Final morphotypes :

Sunday, July 18, 2010

Ticino (Switzerland)

In ancient times, the area of what is today Ticino was settled by the Lepontii, a Celtic tribe. Later, probably around the rule of Augustus, it became part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Western Empire, was ruled by the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and the Franks. Around 1100 it was the centre of struggle between the free communes of Milan and Como: in the 14th century it was definitively acquired by the Visconti, Dukes of Milan. In the fifteenth century the Swiss Confederates conquered the valleys south of the Alps in three separate conquests.

Even though Italian is the official language of Ticino, West Lombard dialects are the vernacular language of the area.





  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion, leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Nordo-Mediterranean




That is a well identified pan-Italian type. Yet most individuals rather fall in a lighter - Nordoid - category as far as hair/eye color is concerned. Those individuals are North Italian-looking (aqua blue eyes, ...) and can show puffy features. Such phenotypes are quite rare in other parts of Switzerland and the contrast with neighbouring Upper Wallis is somehow rather important.





- Type 2 :
Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, stocky face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, wide set eyes
~ Alpinoid/Subnordid




Once more, a very classical type abundantly found throughout the Italian peninsula to which Ticino is an extremity. This type is not as prevailing as in western Alpine valleys though, at least amongst men.


  • Final morphotypes :

Friday, July 16, 2010

Prekmurje (Slovenia)

During the Roman rule, the region was part of the province of Pannonia. Although, some earlier Slavic settlements had probably existed in the area, the ancestors of modern Slovenes moved from eastern Alps and settled in Prekmurje after Franks defeated the Avars during the reign of Charlemagne. In the 9th century, this area was part of the Slavic state known as the Balaton Principality. This political entity in which all the ancestors of modern Slovenes were united under one ruler was soon destroyed by the Magyar invaders who conquered the Pannonian plain and was incorporated it into the Kingdom of Hungary.





  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion, leptomorphic, leptoprosopic yet probably brachycephalic, narrow eyes, long and narrow arched nose, high forehead, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinarid




A very common type in Eastern Europe abundantly found in the Balkans for instance. Contrary to Littoral Slovenia, that type is quite prevailing here amongst men.


- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (from dark to medium blonde hair), brachymorphic, large square-shaped head, little and distanced oblique eyes, low orbits, broad and straight nose, weak browridges, large jaw, receding chin
~ Alpinid/Gorid




Another common type in Eastern Europe. More elongated and rather Balkanic-looking variants are found as well : dark features, rather slanted eyes on some individuals, full lips, strong jaw, ...




  • Final morphotypes :

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Verbano-Cusio-Ossola : Piedmont (Italy)

The Lepontii were an ancient people occupying portions of Rhaetia (in modern Switzerland and northern Italy) in the Alps during the time of the Roman conquest of that territory. The Lepontii have been variously described as a Celtic, Ligurian, Raetian, and Germanic tribe. Recent archeological excavations and their association with the Golasecca culture of Northern Italy may point to a Celtic affiliation, although an amalgamation of Rhaetians (who were partly of Etruscan-related origin) may not be excluded. The chief towns of the Lepontii were Oscela, now Domodossola, and Bilitio, now Bellinzona, Switzerland.



  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Nordo-Mediterranean




That is a well identified pan-Italian type. It looks like women tend to be darker than men in this sample as men mostly fall in a lighter - Nordoid - category as far as hair/eye color is concerned. Those individuals are very North Italian-looking BTW.





- Type 2 :
Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, round face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, wide set eyes
~ Alpinoid/Subnordid




Once more, a very classical type abundantly found throughout the peninsula. This type is not as prevailing as in western Alpine valleys though, at least amongst men.


  • Final morphotypes :

Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Soria : Castile and León (Spain)

The area of Soria was inhabited by the Iberians, who merged with the Celts to form the Celtiberians around the 4th century BC. During the Roman invasion of Spain, Soria was besieged and its population committed a collective suicide in order to escape slavery. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the rebuilt city was occupied by the Suebi.



  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), straight or convex nose, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ (Dinaricized) Atlanto-Mediterranean




This is a very classical Iberian type found throughout the whole peninsula. A variant characterized by blue eyes and blondish/reddish undertones might be more specifically northern Iberian and was already identified in Rioja or Burgos.





- Type 2 :
Dark complexion (dark hair, black eyes, ...), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, large nose, strong jaw, rather distanced eyes
~ Dinaricized Alpino-Mediterranean




This is a very striking type already identified in Rioja or Burgos as well. It seems to be quite specific to northern Iberian areas. Big and large female noses seem to be a proper North Castilian trait as well.


  • Final morphotypes :