Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Gotland : Götaland (Sweden)

The island is the home of the Gutar (the Gotlanders), and sites such as Ajvide show that it has been occupied since prehistory. Early on Gotland became a commercial center and the town of Visby was the most important Hanseatic city in the Baltic Sea.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion (from medium brown to blonde hair with ash-blonde shades, ...), leptomorphic, general robust features, high forehead, long face, long and straight nose, large jaw, close-set eyes
~ Nordid

This type, inbetween classical Trønder and East-Nordid types as identified by many authors, is quite typical from Scandinavia and NE Europe. Some individuals exhibit darker features that give them a pseudo-Austrian look in my opinion.

- Type 2 : Light complexion (medium light hair with possible reddish undertones, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, general robust features, squared-box face, high and broad forehead, little and broad nose that can get concave, strongly drawn lines around the oral cavity, deep jaw, wide-set eyes
~ Borreby

This type is quite widespread in Northern Europe and was met a great number of times in many samples. Let's notice that broad snub-tipped noses are quite widespread. Consequently, large-faced people noted for a rather convex or straight - yet still broad - nose can define another series.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Some of your Nordics have a Dinaric look to me.

  2. Dinarid is unlikely in this area.
    Maybe Corded.

  3. "Corded" is used for a Nordic type with a very long head (in the vertical dimension). The use of this term is IMO unjustified because it'd require a clear association with Corded Ware culture which I understand it's unwarranted.

    In any case I do see dinarism and in the Balcanic sense of the word: narrow faces with rather prominent noses/chins, often with the typical Balcanic/East European very deeply set eyes. Clear examples are the two women described as "Nordic", specially the one in the right. The brunette variant also shows SE European affinities.

    Most likely this reflects the pre-IE migrations of Pitted Ware peoples from the Dniepr-Don cultural region, maybe reinforced by Corded Ware (which more or less followed the same route several centuries later).

    However some of the dinarisms look Western and are therefore surely not true dinarics but atlantid mesocephalic types ("Keltid"), which often converge in this aspect with true dinarics (but actually look different).

  4. The male morph looks Borreby while the female morph looks more Nordic.

  5. The dutch and northern german plates look way more nordic than the norwegian and swedish ones. It's time to stop with the wrong stereotype about swedes/norwegians being nordid, because they are not even the most pred nordid people on planet.


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