Saturday, November 6, 2010

León : Castile and León (Spain)

The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (usually written as Legio Septima Gemina ("twin seventh legion"). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a centre for trade in gold, which was mined at Las Médulas nearby. In 540, the city was conquered by the Arian Visigothic king Liuvigild, who did not harass the already well-established Roman Catholic population. In 717 AD, León fell again, this time to the Moors. However, León was one of the first cities retaken during the Christian reconquest of the Iberian peninsula, and became part of the Kingdom of Asturias in 742 AD.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark complexion (dark hair, ... but there are light individuals), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), straight or convex nose rather parallel to the face, rather close-set eyes, high cheekbones, pointy chin, large jaw
~ (Dinaricized) Atlanto-Mediterranean

A pan-Iberian type, these individuals nevertheless may show affinities with NW Iberia (Galicia, Asturias, ...) when it comes to secondary features such as the eye region (rather "slanted" eyes on some individuals, big eyebrows, ...) or a general "horsy" silhouette very common in North Portugal for instance. More robust and lighter males are found as well.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (from dark to chestnut hair, from black to green/blue eyes, ...), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, in some cases high-headed, rather little nose (on males at least), strong jaw, close-set eyes
~ Alpino-Mediterranean

Like in neighbouring Luarca, square-shaped variants are quite typical even though they are not as dominant in this sample as they are in Asturian lands. On average, those individuals' complexion is also darker than the Asturians' one (wich showed a strong presence of green/blue eyes, chestnut hair, ...). León is more on par with a classical pan-Iberian variation lacking Asturian puffy features. Let's add that eventually dark dinaromorphic Alpino-Med types are found : in transition with the first type, they are also pan-Iberian.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. This is clearly a bunch of original research based on nothing..just being honest

  2. Being worryingly trivial is indeed my best quality. Thanks for such a great compliment !


I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.