Friday, October 8, 2010

Belluno : Veneto (Italy)

The most ancient archeological finding in the province is that of Lagole di Calalzo, in Cadore, belonging to a c. 5th century BC sanctuary dedicated to a health god of Paleoveneti. A greater site, a necropolis, has been excavated in the comune of Mel. The name of the city is derived from Celtic belodunum which means "splendid hill".

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (chestnut or blonde hair, light eyes, ...), leptomorphic, rather narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get arched, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Nordo-Mediterranean

Part of a rather pan-Italian variability, these phenotypes are specifically North Italian due to complexion. Darker pan-Italian individuals are found though some individuals somehow remind us of Croatian Adriatic phenotypes (more particularly males). I'll make a whole article about the Adriatic once I get more samples : this area seems to be quite complex as far as anthropology is concerned.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, round face, little and low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, wide set eyes
~ Alpinoid

As far as women are concerned, this type that one could label "Alpino-Med" is very specific to Veneto as we already noticed : puffy and fleshy features are quite striking. More classical Alpinoid/Subnordid male types (fair complexion, little eyes, puffy features, wide-set eyes, ...) are to be found : this type was identified in the whole Adriatic area and amounted for a fair share of phenotypical variation in Croatian Istria as well.

Some larger-faced people show less "puffy" features such as a straight or convex nose.

  • Final morphotypes :

1 comment:

  1. An element I'd take in consideration are "triangular" faces, i.e. narrow jaws that make the low or even whole face look somewhat like an triangle pointing down. This trait in such exaggerated form is typical Italian, even if it may be found elsewhere. Most outstanding examples are: a5, a7, b5, c3, c7, d3 and d4.

    Besides some types or individuals remind of other European regions, specially to the North and West but they are scattered enough not to be anything too clear. For instance, a5, a6, b7, c4, d2 and d8 look NW European, with some marked affinity for England, I'd say. A8 and b6 constitute a distinct subgroup with some Iberian (South Castilian?) affinities. However there are others that remind of Iberian faces without that specific look: b8, c5, c6 and c8 (all women). Basque-like looks might be a7, c7 and d3 - but they are ambiguous (c7 specially looks very typically Italian, even if his traits are somewhat "Vascoid").


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