Saturday, August 14, 2010

Valladolid : Castile and León (Spain)

Remains of Celtiberian and of a Roman camp have been excavated near the city. A likely suggestion for Valladolid is a conjunction of the Latin: VALLIS, "Valley", and Celtic: TOLITUM, "place of confluence of waters". It is believed that Vaccean society was part of an Hispano-Celtic substrate which explains the cultural, socio-economic, linguistic and ideological affinity of the Vaccaei, Celtiberians, Vettones, Lusitani, Cantabri, Astures and Callaeci. The Vaccean civilization was the result of a process of local evolution, importing elements from other cultures, whether by new additions of people or cultural and trading contacts with neighbouring groups.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), brachymorphic, broad face, round features, short and broad nose, wide-set eyes, wide-spaced sloping and rather chinky eyes
~ Alpinoid

This type was abundantly found in Portuguese and Leonese areas : it would fit a "Berid" definition. It seems to be quite widespread in the whole NW corner of the Iberian peninsula.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, leptomorphic, narrow "horsy" face, long and straight nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes, rather narrow eyelids
~ Atlanto-Mediterranean

This is a basic Castillian type : very angular features and a rather broad nose at the basis are striking secondary features that were already encountered in Zamora for instance. Yet, individuals are not as "dark" as their "Zamorano" counterparts.

Eventually, more classical Mediterranoid and pan-Iberian individuals are found. They are noted for a rather large face and a narrow and aquiline high-rooted nose (aka "dinaricized"). Light eyes are not an oddity.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Something I find interesting is that, while there are no (or almost no) individuals that you could say as clearly Basque-looking, there are many instead that do approach the Basque typology, while still looking somewhat different. Mostly in what you call the Atlanto-Mediterranean type.

    The Berid type, as well as most characteristic other "Alpinids" (specially those with fleshy cheeks, high eyebrows and clearly round faces) are instead very different from what you find here in the Basque Country (except to some extent among people of immigrant roots).

  2. who is the guy with the big black eyebrows smiling? where did you get his picture?


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