Monday, August 23, 2010

Neuchâtel : Romandy (Switzerland)

The "La Tène" culture was a European Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel in Switzerland, where a rich trove of artifacts was discovered by Hansli Kopp in 1857. Yet, Neuchâtel had been inhabited since the 6th century BC near Le Locle. Later in the Bronze Age around 1.7000BC humans colonized the shores of Lake Neuchâtel where later the La Tène culture would emerge.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion (aqua-blue eyes, dark blonde hair, ...), brachymorphic, little and concave nose, square-box face, broad forehead, wide-set eyes, large jaw
~ Alpinoid/Subnordid

Unsurprisingly enough, the area is home to classical Alpine types abundantly found in the Rhône valley in France.

- Type 2 : Light complexion (from blonde to chestnut hair, light eyes, ...), more or less leptomorphic, straight or convex nose, high cheekbones, strong jaw, close-set eyes
~ Nordoid

Many individuals indeed approach Nordo-Mediterranean metrics. Still, very "Germanic-looking" individuals (angular features, rather distanced eyes, snub-tipped and wavy nose, ...) are more of an oddity here, which is a sharp contrast with Upper Wallis. It appears quite clear that this area shares links with the Rhône valley in France and its archetypal Noric types. The fair presence of darker and rather dinaromorphic Mediterranoid types confirms that Neuchâtel somehow differs from Germanic Switzerland (not that drastically though : more samples are needed).

  • Final morphotypes :

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