Friday, August 20, 2010

Leghorn : Tuscany (Italy)

Known as Leghorn in English, the Tuscan town of Livorno used to be the natural port of Pisa for trade with the Mediterranean islands. The area has been inhabited since Paleolithic times. Yet Populonia, known as Fufluna in Etruscan, was the only main town of Etruria on the coast.

The origins of the Etruscans are lost in prehistory. The main hypotheses are that they are indigenous, probably stemming from the Villanovan culture (an earliest Iron Age culture of central and northern Italy, abruptly following the Bronze Age Terramare culture), or that they are the result of invasion from the north or the Near East. Etruscan expansion was focused both to the north beyond the Apennines and into Campania.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Rather intermdeiate complexion (dark hair, yet light eyes, ...), leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean

A pan-Italian type, it is nevertheless dominated by a puffier and less dinaromorphic Mediterranean variant more particularly around the nose area which possesses a large basis. Blue eyes are a common feature. Note that sexual dimorphism - a stunning Tuscan feature - is absent from this sample.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (from brown to aqua-blue eyes, ...), brachymorphic, round face, chubby features, little straight nose, a large jaw on females, rather close-set eyes
~ Alpino(-Mediterranean)

This type is mostly feminine. Let's note that "exotic" types found in inland Tuscany - characterized by a very large face and jaw, a broad yet straight nose, dark features, narrow eyelids - are an oddity here, particularly amongst males. Conversely, a dinaromorphic square-faced variant - rather in a Mediterranean variation - is very abundant.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Arguably the best-looking Tuscan series partly because of the high proportion of light eyes contrasting with dark hair.


  2. Compliments ! J'avais toujours remarqué ce trait étonnant de l'Italie du Centre/Centre-Nord, son extrême dimorphisme sexuel, qui atteint en effet son maximum en Toscane. Les hommes, où domine un type méditerranéen-dinaromorphe, pourraient passer pour des Nordiques bruns, alors que les femmes tendent souvent vers un aspect Alpines blondes. La différence des statures moyennes serait aussi à prendre en considération.

    Congrats! I had always noticed this surprising feature of Central/Northern Central Italy, i.e. the extreme sexual dimorphism that indeed reaches a climax in Tuscany. Whilst men belong predominantly to some Mediterranean/dinaromorphic type and could easily be describes as brown haired Nordids, women often tend to look like fair haired Alpinids. Differences in height should also be taken in consideration.

  3. To me some of those pictures look like baskids, especially the first one and the guy with red beard in the 3rd set of pics.

  4. If you want to see how Tuscans really look, take a look at this blog, the pics are based on famous people from Tuscany, not taken from random Facebook people of uncertain origin


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