The origins of the Etruscans are lost in prehistory. The main hypotheses are that they are indigenous, probably stemming from the Villanovan culture (an earliest Iron Age culture of central and northern Italy, abruptly following the Bronze Age Terramare culture), or that they are the result of invasion from the north or the Near East. Etruscan expansion was focused both to the north beyond the Apennines and into Campania.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Rather intermdeiate complexion (dark hair, yet light eyes, ...), leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean
A pan-Italian type, it is nevertheless dominated by a puffier and less dinaromorphic Mediterranean variant more particularly around the nose area which possesses a large basis. Blue eyes are a common feature. Note that sexual dimorphism - a stunning Tuscan feature - is absent from this sample.
- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (from brown to aqua-blue eyes, ...), brachymorphic, round face, chubby features, little straight nose, a large jaw on females, rather close-set eyes
This type is mostly feminine. Let's note that "exotic" types found in inland Tuscany - characterized by a very large face and jaw, a broad yet straight nose, dark features, narrow eyelids - are an oddity here, particularly amongst males. Conversely, a dinaromorphic square-faced variant - rather in a Mediterranean variation - is very abundant.
- Final morphotypes :