Wednesday, August 18, 2010

Como : Lombardy (Italy)

The hills surrounding the current location of Como have been inhabited, since at least the Bronze Age, by a Celtic tribe known as the Orobii. Remains of settlements are still present on the wood covered hills to the South West of town. Archaeologists and linguists see the Orobii as a population of celticized Ligurians, or Celtic-Ligurians, formed with the contribution of Celtic immigrants from the Rhine and the Danube areas, in an early historical period preceding the Gallic invasions of the 4th century BC, whom settled in north-west Italy between the Oglio and the Ticino rivers.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark complexion, dark eyes, leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterraneans

This type belongs to very classical pan-Italian type already identified in many Italian provincie. Curiously enough, as far as my sampling techniques are concerned, the autochtonous inhabitants of Como are surprisingly dark. Note that other Lombard samples also showed a rather strong proportion of dark individuals in contrast with clichés about Lombardy. Some individuals are less dinaromorphic and show puffier features :

Eventually, lighter Nordo-Mediterranoid individuals proper to North Italy are found.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, square-box face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, wide set eyes
~ Alpinoid

Once more, a very classical type abundantly found throughout the peninsula. Light eyes are not rare in this area.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Interesting....the 2 fair haired men in the nordo med sample look swiss or Austrian. Perhaps the explanation is the 6% of R1b u106 y dna found in this area. The lombard & germanic genetic contribution. Some of the men in the first dinaro med have a very string méditerranéen vibe : the explanation is historical, the roman colonisation from Central Italy was very string in this area. The Gréco etruscan genetic contribution is 10 %. For the main contribution in Como, the main génétic contribution is U 152 Italic & celtic...coherent with your population hère.

  2. Some of the people in your sample are not native Northern Italians like the 7th picture 1st row, 2nd picture of the 4th row, 8th picture 4th row, and 4th picture of the 2nd row.
    How did you pick the people of your sample? Something close to 40% of the italians living in Lombardy-Emilia-Piedmont-Veneto come from Southern Italy.
    Did you chose them by last name? It would be very ambiguous given the fact that they could have non northern italian ancestry on their mother side.

    How do I know these people are not native? It doesn't have anything to do with dark hair/dark eyes, but their facial traits clearly look extraneous to the native population. Furthermore, it looks very weird that only 15% of these people have fair hair, which on average should be around 20% at least.

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