Tuesday, July 13, 2010

Soria : Castile and León (Spain)

The area of Soria was inhabited by the Iberians, who merged with the Celts to form the Celtiberians around the 4th century BC. During the Roman invasion of Spain, Soria was besieged and its population committed a collective suicide in order to escape slavery. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the rebuilt city was occupied by the Suebi.



  • Sample :

Full scale



  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), straight or convex nose, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ (Dinaricized) Atlanto-Mediterranean




This is a very classical Iberian type found throughout the whole peninsula. A variant characterized by blue eyes and blondish/reddish undertones might be more specifically northern Iberian and was already identified in Rioja or Burgos.





- Type 2 :
Dark complexion (dark hair, black eyes, ...), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, square-box head, large nose, strong jaw, rather distanced eyes
~ Dinaricized Alpino-Mediterranean




This is a very striking type already identified in Rioja or Burgos as well. It seems to be quite specific to northern Iberian areas. Big and large female noses seem to be a proper North Castilian trait as well.


  • Final morphotypes :

2 comments:

  1. "Big and large female noses seem to be a proper North Castilian trait as well".

    I have been reviewing the samples of Burgos and La Rioja and they don't have this trait (with one single exception), unless by "big" you mean prominent instead of thick.

    Anyhow, I have quite more feeling of exoticism with this sample than with Burgos/La Rioja.

    For reference, I'm getting now BIs of 10 for La Rioja, 4-6 for Burgos and 2 for Soria. Surprising and not at the same time, because even if it's close geographically, Soria is an "island" between mountains and it's also known that Basque-specific genetic markers drop very sharply towards the south/SW.

    ...

    "The area of Soria was inhabited by the Iberians, who merged with the Celts to form the Celtiberians around the 4th century BC".

    Actually saying "Iberians" in the ethnic sense in this area is pretty much conjectural, I'd say. Celtiberians yes, indeed, and it's correct that is the overall believed origin of Celtiberians but this process is generally considered to have happened rather towards the so-called Lower Aragon (south of the Ebro), rather than in this mountainous enclave of the West.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Not so western looking the lot of them.
    At first glance i would classify 95% of them greeks.

    ReplyDelete

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