Saturday, June 26, 2010

Shetland (Scotland)

Shetland has been populated since at least 3400 BC. The early people subsisted on cattle-farming and agriculture. During the Bronze Age, around 2000 BC, the climate cooled and the population moved to the coast. During the Iron Age, many stone fortresses were erected, some ruins of which remain today. Around A.D. 297, Roman sources describe a people known as the Picts who ruled much of north Scotland, and Shetland eventually became part of the Pictish kingdom. Shetland's Picts were later conquered by the Vikings.

Shetland was colonised by Norsemen in the 9th century, the fate of the existing indigenous population being uncertain. The colonisers gave it that name and established their laws and language. That language evolved into the West Nordic language Norn, which survived into the 1800s.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (pinky undertones, light eyes, rather dark hair, ...), leptomorphic, straight nose, high cheekbones, close-set eyes, rather angular and pointy chin, large jaw
~ Atlantid/Keltic-Nordid

This type constitutes a basic "Celtic" insular phenotype : it is not that prevailing in this part of Scotland. The absence of striking Scandinavian-looking individuals is to be noticed.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (light skin, light eyes, rather dark hair, ...), brachymorphic, chubby features, rather low-rooted and little broad nose that can get convex, wide forehead, large and strong jaws, prominent chin, wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid/Brünn

A very classical pan-British phenotype, it has attracted many authors who used this type to define Britishness. Women classically show "Celtic" dinaromorphism. Once more, even though men could match Borreby types from Scandinavia, the absence of striking Scandinavian-looking types is a reality.

  • Final morphotypes :

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