Matera has gained international fame for its "Sassi". The Sassi originate from a prehistoric (troglodyte) settlement, and are suspected to be some of the first human settlements in Italy.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Dark complexion, dark eyes, leptomorphic, rather narrow face, long and narrow high-rooted convex nose, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean
This type belongs to very classical pan-Italian type already identified in many Italian provincie. Most women are strikingly more brachymorphic on average. Curiously enough, I find that some individuals do have a rather coastal Iberian vibe about them in contrast with more "Italic"-looking areas in central Italy.
Some individuals do show more unique and distinctive features (either an arched nose or a very dark complexion) that remind us of phenotypes found in southern areas such as Puglia.
- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, square-box face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, rather wide set eyes
Once more, a very classical type abundantly found throughout the peninsula. Light eyes are not rare in this area. Some darker individuals do exhibit puffy features (a large snub-tipped nose, a well-defined oral cavity, fat deposits, ...) that announce more southern phenotypes from Calabria.
- Final morphotypes :