Saturday, May 15, 2010

Matera : Basilicata (Italy)

Basilicata was originally known as Lucania, named for the Lucani, who were the first known settlers. Their name was derived from lucus, Latin for forest. Samnite tribes also inhabited the area before the Greeks invaded in the 7th century BC. The Greeks established settlements at Siris, Metaponto and Heraclea, making the region part of the wider Magna Grecia. They also developed basic agriculture and started trading.

Matera has gained international fame for its "Sassi". The Sassi originate from a prehistoric (troglodyte) settlement, and are suspected to be some of the first human settlements in Italy.



  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark complexion, dark eyes, leptomorphic, rather narrow face, long and narrow high-rooted convex nose, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean




This type belongs to very classical pan-Italian type already identified in many Italian provincie. Most women are strikingly more brachymorphic on average. Curiously enough, I find that some individuals do have a rather coastal Iberian vibe about them in contrast with more "Italic"-looking areas in central Italy.



Some individuals do show more unique and distinctive features (either an arched nose or a very dark complexion) that remind us of phenotypes found in southern areas such as Puglia.




- Type 2 :
Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, square-box face, little low-rooted nose that can get snub-tipped, rather wide set eyes
~ Alpinoid




Once more, a very classical type abundantly found throughout the peninsula. Light eyes are not rare in this area. Some darker individuals do exhibit puffy features (a large snub-tipped nose, a well-defined oral cavity, fat deposits, ...) that announce more southern phenotypes from Calabria.




  • Final morphotypes :

3 comments:

  1. "Curiously enough, I find that some individuals do have a rather coastal Iberian vibe about them in contrast with more "Italic"-looking areas in central Italy".

    Yah, in fact some in that group are very much "Western" or SW looking to me, specially some of the women under the quoted text (last one is a female 'clone' of 80's pop singer Gurrutxaga and the one besides her also has a Pyrenean vibe), which might represent a different type altogether. I see these women as pretty much Southwestern, something I can't say of the rest (with maybe a few exceptions among the men above them).

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  2. "Curiously enough, I find that some individuals do have a rather coastal Iberian vibe about them in contrast with more "Italic"-looking areas in central Italy".

    Yah, in fact some in that group are very much "Western" or SW looking to me, specially some of the women under the quoted text (last one is a female 'clone' of 80's pop singer Gurrutxaga and the one besides her also has a Pyrenean vibe), which might represent a different type altogether. I see these women as pretty much Southwestern, something I can't say of the rest (with maybe a few exceptions among the men above them)."


    I keep on reading it over and over again as a manthra by spaniards, but to me,this stunning "west med" phenotype exibited by Iberians, is pretty much a local catalan and basque phnenomena more than a wide Iberian feature if we mean an "irish" look.
    The west med feature means nothing anyway, in this case Iberians would lack totally the central european alpine feature following the same path.
    Spaniards are mediterraneans mostly with usually straight nose cause they almost lack the dinarid type too.
    But you can find those very mediterraneans with straight nose from Greece to Sicily and back to Spain.
    It doesn't exist a Spaniard variant of mediterranenans, only a med type less influenced by dinaricism and alpinism.
    And above all there is not a spanish med type associated with light features as the girls in the samples.
    Those girls in the sample are alpine types wich is almost absent in Spain, and that it is abundant all over Italy.
    So following your sentence, are the spanish girls you mentioned who have similar features to those italian girls and an alpine phenotype and not the other way around.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I agree with you, anonymous. There is an hispanic self-centered user who wants make Spain to be a North/Center-Europe nation! Oh please....

    ReplyDelete

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