The city of Granada's origins were as an Ibero-Celtic settlement, which made contact in turn with the Phoenicians, the Carthagenians, and the Ancient Greeks who had established colonies (Almuñécar was a Phoenician colony known as Sexi). By the 5th century BCE, the Greeks had established a colony which they named Elybirge (Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). Under the Ancient Roman rule of Hispania, in the early centuries CE, this city name had become "Illiberis" ("new town" in Iberian). Under Moorish occupation, it became the capital of the Caliphate of Cordoba under the name "Gárnata".
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, in some cases high-headed, rather short nose, low wide-set eyes
This type is the main type that one can encounter in inland Andalusia or Mancha. A much more localized subtype can be observed : high cheekbones, a broad jaw, a long upper lip, wide-set eyes, a "pseudo-mongoloid" eye shape (narrow eyelids), ... It reminds us of Berid types from Sardinia. As far as I know, this type is absent from the eastern Mediterranean coast (see Murcia). It's very prevailing amongst men.
- Type 2 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, gracile general features, narrow "horsy" face, long and narrow nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes, rather narrow eyelids
A very classical Iberian phenotype that is found throughout the whole peninsula. There is somehow an "eastern" vibe about some male individuals (quite rare as most men fall in the first category as far as this sample from rural Granada is concerned : sexual dimorphism once more).
- Final morphotypes :