Sunday, April 18, 2010

Granada : Andalusia (Spain)

The area around Granada has been settled since prehistoric times : it's in Baza that the Lady of Baza was discovered on 22 July 1971. The city was founded by the Iberians in the 4th century B.C. and named Basti (probably occupied by the Bastetani).

The city of Granada's origins were as an Ibero-Celtic settlement, which made contact in turn with the Phoenicians, the Carthagenians, and the Ancient Greeks who had established colonies (Almuñécar was a Phoenician colony known as Sexi). By the 5th century BCE, the Greeks had established a colony which they named Elybirge (Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). Under the Ancient Roman rule of Hispania, in the early centuries CE, this city name had become "Illiberis" ("new town" in Iberian). Under Moorish occupation, it became the capital of the Caliphate of Cordoba under the name "Gárnata".





  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), more or less brachymorphic, reduced and "puffy" features, in some cases high-headed, rather short nose, low wide-set eyes
~ Alpino-Mediterranean




This type is the main type that one can encounter in inland Andalusia or Mancha. A much more localized subtype can be observed : high cheekbones, a broad jaw, a long upper lip, wide-set eyes, a "pseudo-mongoloid" eye shape (narrow eyelids), ... It reminds us of Berid types from Sardinia. As far as I know, this type is absent from the eastern Mediterranean coast (see Murcia). It's very prevailing amongst men.






- Type 2 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, gracile general features, narrow "horsy" face, long and narrow nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes, rather narrow eyelids
~ Mediterranoid




A very classical Iberian phenotype that is found throughout the whole peninsula. There is somehow an "eastern" vibe about some male individuals (quite rare as most men fall in the first category as far as this sample from rural Granada is concerned : sexual dimorphism once more).


  • Final morphotypes :

6 comments:

  1. A little correction first of all:

    ... southeastern "Meseta Central" (inland Andalusia, Mancha, ...).

    This is geographically incorrect. The Central Plateau or "Meseta Central" doesn't include virtually anything of Andalusia (maybe the northermost corner of the province of Cordoba but that's all). Inner Andalusia is within the Guadalquivir Valley, I presume.

    Otherwise:

    "Alpino-Mediterranean"

    I'd call this type Atlanto-Mediterranean or Western Mediterranean (though I'm unsure of their profile measure I'd hunch mesocephalic). It is a very typical Iberian type. Rare but present among Basques.

    "A much more localized subtype can be observed : high cheekbones, a broad jaw, a long upper lip, wide-set eyes, a "pseudo-mongoloid" eye shape (narrow eyelids), ... It reminds us of Berid types from Sardinia. As far as I know, this type is absent from the eastern Mediterranean coast (see Murcia). It's very prevailing amongst men".

    Very well spotted, IMO. Certainly it's hard to find any Murcian (and I know a few personally) who fit this type.

    I'm not sure if it's a single type but I find the darker variant (men) similar to some Canarians or Latin Americans (for instance the typical Colombian a la Juan Valdez who claims pure European blood but is probably not so pure anyhow).

    Among the women the second one might give us a clue (or get us totally lost) because she really looks Balcanic ("Romanian" type) though she is sufficiently modified to resemble also the pseudo-mongoloid Basque subtype.

    "Mediterranoid"

    Not so much IMO. All but the first guy who could pass as Israeli (Jew) though is most likely a genuine Iberian East-Mediterranoid have what I'd say are Vascoid features. They'd go unnoticed here or almost and two of them (man #2 and specially woman #2) are among the few ones in all the panel who'd clearly weight in my infamous "Basque index", which is about 4 for Granada).

    ReplyDelete
  2. I take good note of your geographical remark : I'm modifying my initial post.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I keep on reading about the western features of spaniards, but in almost no pics i can see them different from to say sicilians or greeks(which seem even a lot lighter by the posted sets).
    Maybe i'm a not a great expert but i'm sure by these pics that undoubitably Spain is the only nation in Europe almost fully mediterranean.

    ReplyDelete
  4. This is false, Ive lived in andalusia. Greeks are 10x times darker and you put them as aryans

    ReplyDelete
  5. This is false, Ive lived in andalusia. Greeks are 10x times darker and you put them as aryans

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. You are expressing national-socialist racist ideas, which are just wrong and stupid and extremely offensive. The only "Aryans" are Indo-Aryans, who are almost invariably much darker than any European.

      Delete

I've chosen to let people comment freely on my posts. Nevertheless, you'll lose your time taunting me and calling me a fascist (which I'm really not) : I pray you to read my introduction which will reassure that my intentions genuinely aim at achieving amateurish knowledge. I understand that you may not share my passion for the history of the peopling of the World, just don't let me know as clear conscience gained by bashing a humble documentary work is useless.