Sunday, March 21, 2010

Zamora : Castile and León (Spain)

After the Roman victory over the Lusitanian hero Viriathus, the settlement known as modern Zamora was named by the Romans, Occelum Durii (literally, "Eye of the Duero"). During Roman rule it was in the hands of the Vaccaei - an ancient Celtiberian tribe who settled in the Meseta Central - and was incorporated into the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis.

Two coins from the reign of the Visigothic king, Sisebuto, show that it was known at the time as "Semure". During the period of Moorish rule the settlement became known by the names of "Semurah" or "Azemur".

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), brachymorphic, broad face, round features, short and broad nose, wide-set eyes, from dark to light eyes ("green-blue")
~ Alpinoid

This type was previously identified in Spanish Extremadura (Cáceres) and Portuguese Alto Douro. A very Portuguese-looking variant is characterized by wide-spaced sloping eyes, a short broad nose and thick browridges (this type would fit a "Berid" definition). Nevertheless, it seems to be mostly masculine.

- Type 2 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, gracile general features, narrow "horsy" face, long and narrow nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes, rather narrow eyelids
~ Mediterranoid

This type was already identified in Portuguese Alto Douro. It is quite prevailing amongst women : as proved by the following morphotypes, on average, sexual dimorphism seems to be a reality in the area. If anything, Zamora and neighbouring Portuguese areas are identical ethnically speaking.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Basque Index: nearly zero. There are some ambiguous individuals maybe but not many (2 or 3 at best).

    And we have finally found the handsome "cousin" of Rodríguez Zapatero: A6. :)

  2. The Leptoprosopic (long -faced) females,

    besides a darker pigmentation, they really remind me of similar type occasionally found in the British Isles and in France.


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