Wednesday, March 10, 2010

Isle of Wight : SE England (The British Isles)

The Isle of Wight is first mentioned in writing in Geography by Claudius Ptolemaeus as Vectis. Julius Caesar recognised the culture of this general region as "Belgic", but made no reference to Vectis.

By the late fourth or early fifth centuries AD, Roman troops and officials had withdrawn from Britain. In Bede's ecclesiastical history, Vecta [sic], along with parts of Hampshire and most of Kent, was settled by Jutes, a Germanic people from Northern Europe. Some believe they became victims of a policy of ethnic cleansing by the West Saxons in England.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion (pinky undertones, light blue eyes, blonde hair, ...), leptomorphic, long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, high cheekbones, close-set eyes, rather angular and pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlantid aka "Keltic Nordic"

This type constitutes a basic "Celtic" insular phenotype : it appears not to be as prevailing as it is in SW England. This type indeed reminds us of some Belgian types from Flanders. Strikingly darker phenotypes that were specific from SW England or Wales are absent here.

Instead of dark "Celtic" phenotypes, generic Atlantid phenotypes are found (intermediate pigmentation, grey/blue eyes, a straight nose, lack of dinarism, ...) that somehow remind us of phenotypes found in Normandy.

Some individuals clearly belong to Nordid variability quite widespread in Northern Europe : a strong jaw, light complexion, ... We've clearly left SW England.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (light skin, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, chubby features, rather low-rooted and little broad nose that can get convex, wide forehead, large and strong jaws, prominent chin, wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid/Brünn

This is the most typical British phenotype which is widespread throughout the whole islands. Many individuals (mostly women) also show classical "Celtic" dinaromorphism in transition with the first type.

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Again we are down to the problem of how much ''keltic'' are the British.

    If the Atlantid and Dinaromorphic elements seems to point down to an Iberian/Atlantic origin, it is likely that Calais and Flanders represented the main gateway from the peoples coming from the continent.

    certainly this series of the isle of Wight seem to have a closer relationship with the continent rather than the Atlantic zone (or Norway)


  2. Are keltics brachycephalic or mesocephalic?
    Also, is ash blonde hair more common in this type?


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