By the late fourth or early fifth centuries AD, Roman troops and officials had withdrawn from Britain. In Bede's ecclesiastical history, Vecta [sic], along with parts of Hampshire and most of Kent, was settled by Jutes, a Germanic people from Northern Europe. Some believe they became victims of a policy of ethnic cleansing by the West Saxons in England.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Light complexion (pinky undertones, light blue eyes, blonde hair, ...), leptomorphic, long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, high cheekbones, close-set eyes, rather angular and pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlantid aka "Keltic Nordic"
This type constitutes a basic "Celtic" insular phenotype : it appears not to be as prevailing as it is in SW England. This type indeed reminds us of some Belgian types from Flanders. Strikingly darker phenotypes that were specific from SW England or Wales are absent here.
Instead of dark "Celtic" phenotypes, generic Atlantid phenotypes are found (intermediate pigmentation, grey/blue eyes, a straight nose, lack of dinarism, ...) that somehow remind us of phenotypes found in Normandy.
Some individuals clearly belong to Nordid variability quite widespread in Northern Europe : a strong jaw, light complexion, ... We've clearly left SW England.
- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (light skin, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, chubby features, rather low-rooted and little broad nose that can get convex, wide forehead, large and strong jaws, prominent chin, wide-set eyes
This is the most typical British phenotype which is widespread throughout the whole islands. Many individuals (mostly women) also show classical "Celtic" dinaromorphism in transition with the first type.
- Final morphotypes :