Even though probably already Basque-speaking (like many areas of modern NW Spain), the Varduli may have had an Indo-European-speaking elite as proved by their main towns' name : Berganzo (from Celtic *brigantion=summit, see Briançon in France, Bragança in Portugal, ...), Deobriga (Celtic *briga=mount), Uxama (Celtic *ouxamos=elevated, see Exmes - formerly Uxama - in Normandy), ...
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion (from blonde to dark hair, grey/black eyes, rather pale skin on average, ...), leptomorphic, long face (particularly on males), long and convex nose rather parallel to the face, close-set eyes, pointy chin, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Atlanto-Mediterranean
Unsurprisingly, the area is dominated by the well-defined ethnic Basque type even though some individuals do differ from stereotypes around the eye region. Somehow some individuals might remind us of "horsy" Celtic phenotypes from the British Isles and Flanders. Complexion is quite irrelevant.
Within the Atlanto-Med spectrum, more average Iberian-looking individuals are found undoubtedly enough.
Lighter and broader-faced variants of this Basque type are found. All those types were already identified in the French Basque Country.
- Type 2 : Dark complexion (black hair, ...), brachymorphic, large face, square-box head, little and straight nose, close-set eyes, little "pseudo-mongoloid" eyelids, large jaw
~ Dinaricized Alpino-Mediterranean
This second Basque-type was already identified in the French Basque Country as well. It's mostly a female one. More classical Alpino-Med individuals are eventually found :
- Final morphotypes :