Friday, February 12, 2010

Svalbard (Norway)

Scandinavians may have discovered Svalbard as early as the 12th century. Traditional Norse accounts exist of a land known as Svalbarð—literally "cold shores". Russian Pomors may have had settlements on the archipelago in the 16th century, although evidence is lacking before the late 17th century. Pomor accounts name the island as Grumant. The Dutchman Willem Barents made the first indisputable discovery of Svalbard in 1596.

At the beginning of World War II in 1939, Spitsbergen was inhabited primarily by miners - 2,000 Soviets and 1,000 Norwegians - running a coal-mine concession.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light complexion (blonde hair with ash-blonde shades, ...), leptomorphic, general robust features, high forehead, long and straight nose, large jaw, close-set eyes
~ Nordid

This type, dubbed Trønder by many authors, is quite typical from Northern Europe, even though sexual dimorphism is strong : it's mostly a male phenotype.

- Type 2 : Light complexion (medium light hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, general robust features, squared-box face, high and broad forehead, little and broad nose that can get concave, deep jaw, wide-set eyes
~ Borreby

Most female fall in that category. This type is quite widespread in Northern Europe and seems to be prevailing in the island. Still within Borreby variation : notice snub-tipped concave noses on men and darker features on women.

Eventually, some individuals exhibit more "exotic" features which might remind us of Finnish and Sami people : a "wavy" concave nose, narrow eyelids, high and prominent cheekbones, ...

  • Final morphotypes :

1 comment:

  1. "which might remind us of Finnish people".

    They look quite Norwegian alright.


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