At the beginning of World War II in 1939, Spitsbergen was inhabited primarily by miners - 2,000 Soviets and 1,000 Norwegians - running a coal-mine concession.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Light complexion (blonde hair with ash-blonde shades, ...), leptomorphic, general robust features, high forehead, long and straight nose, large jaw, close-set eyes
This type, dubbed Trønder by many authors, is quite typical from Northern Europe, even though sexual dimorphism is strong : it's mostly a male phenotype.
- Type 2 : Light complexion (medium light hair, light eyes, ...), brachymorphic, general robust features, squared-box face, high and broad forehead, little and broad nose that can get concave, deep jaw, wide-set eyes
Most female fall in that category. This type is quite widespread in Northern Europe and seems to be prevailing in the island. Still within Borreby variation : notice snub-tipped concave noses on men and darker features on women.
Eventually, some individuals exhibit more "exotic" features which might remind us of Finnish and Sami people : a "wavy" concave nose, narrow eyelids, high and prominent cheekbones, ...
- Final morphotypes :