Monday, February 1, 2010

Bacău : Moldavia (Romania)

The origins of the Dacians remain obscure, in absence of written historical records. It is generally proposed that a proto-Dacian or proto-Thracian people developed from a mixture of indigenous peoples and Indo-Europeans from the time of Proto-Indo-European expansion in the Early Bronze Age when the latter, around 1500 BC, conquered the indigenous peoples.

The exact place where the Romanians lived during the Dark Ages is under debate, the main theories being the "continuity theory" which claims they lived around the Carpathian Mountains, away from the migrating tribes and the "migration theory" which says they lived south of the Danube and colonised the current territory of Romania between 9th and 12th century. Moldavia's ethnic history is quite chaotic as well (see here for more information).

Moldavia (yellow)

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate complexion, leptomorphic, leptoprosopic, narrow eyes, long and narrow arched nose, high forehead, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinarid or Mediterranid*

* see comments

This type, dubbed "Pontid" by early anthropologists, is quite abundant in SE Europe (Ukraine, Romania, the Balkans, ...). A brachymorphic variant leaning towards type 2 :

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, large head, gracile general features, little and sometimes distanced oblique eyes, low orbits, broad nose, weak browridges, large jaw
~ Alpinoid/Gorid

This type is specific to Eastern Europe transcending modern ethno-linguistic borders. One can find individuals with puffier features :

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Wouldn't those "Mediterranids" be Dinarids in most cases? The main difference between a pseudo-Dinarid Westerner (Keltid, Atlantid or whatever) and a true Dinarid is AFAIK that the latter are brachcephalous (while hipsocephalic) and the former are mesocephalous. Of course there are also other less measurable traits that I consider not less important but in metrics that's the main difference IMO. And you won't ever know for sure if they are brachi or meso (or dolico) just from a frontal pic.

    But in Romania most are brachi. And, if brachi, then not Mediterranid.

  2. Indeed this is the main difference in classical metrics. Since I cannot judge according to a frontal pic (I can only deal with leptomorphism), I'm just guessing. I could label this category as follows :

    "Mediterranid (if mesocephalic)/Dinarid (if brachy)"

    That would be artificial somehow.

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  4. You have some other things that are not so clear in this faces division, really. I would agree that there is a loose West/East divide around the Pyrenees, very specially in the peninsula. Interesting post above.
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