Described by Livy as one of the Capitae Etruriae (Etruscan capitals), Arezzo is believed to have been one of the twelve most important Etruscan cities—the so-called Dodecapolis. Etruscan remains establish that the acropolis of San Cornelio, a small hill next to that of San Donatus, was occupied and fortified in the Etruscan period.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Dark complexion, dark eyes, leptomorphic, narrow face, long and straight high-rooted nose that can get convex, close set eyes, large jaw, pointy chin
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterraneans
Once more, we get to identify this pan-Italian phenotype. In Arezzo though just like in Florence, depigmented female variants are to be found which strikingly contrast with the absence of male "Nordoid" counterparts. As already conjectured elsewhere in Tuscany, sexual dimorphism seems to be a reality in this area.
- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (from brown to aqua-blue eyes, ...), brachymorphic, round face, chubby features, little straight nose, a large jaw on females, rather close-set eyes
Once more, women appear to be more robust than males. This series is completed by another one exhibiting strange secondary traits : very large face and jaw, a broad yet straight nose, dark features, narrow eyelids which confer individuals a "mestizo" look, ... Those extreme phenotypes are quite common in Tuscany and undoubtedly divide North Italy from Central Italy.
- Final morphotypes :