In 15 BCE the region was conquered by the Romans : Meran and Bolzano became part of Italia's Regio X. After the fall of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in 553, the northern part of Tyrol came under the influence of the Bavarii. South Tyrol around the town of Bolzano came to be massively German-speaking overwhelming Ladino speakers.
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Light, brachymorphic, little nose, square-faced, broad forehead, wide-set eyes, large jaw
This type, though not uncommon in North Italy, is strikingly quite dominant in Bolzano : it might represent a generic Austrian type. This series is completed by a darker one :
- Type 2 : Light complexion, leptomorphic, close-set eyes, arched nose, large jaws, pointy chin
This type isn't uncommon in North Italy either. It's not very "Germanic-looking" as one could have expected. A darker series :
- Final morphotypes :