Monday, January 25, 2010

Pembrokeshire : Wales (The British Isles)

Pembrokeshire is a maritime county, bordered by the sea on three sides. The Demetae were a Celtic people of Iron Age Britain who inhabited modern Pembrokeshire. Pembrokeshire has long been split between its English-speaking south (known as "Little England beyond Wales" with medieval Flemish settlements) and its historically more Welsh-speaking north, along an imaginary line called the Landsker. The greatest concentration of Anglo-Saxon names is in Roose, while there are considerable numbers of Welsh placenames in the rest of Little England, although these areas were certainly English-speaking (but used to be Welsh-speaking). I only sampled people with Welsh surnames.

Wales was free of glaciers by about 10,250 BP and people would have been able to walk between Continental Europe and Great Britain until between about 7,000 and 6,000 BP, before the post glacial rise in sea level led to Great Britain becoming an island, and the Irish Sea forming to separate Wales and Ireland. Yet, Wales seems to have been inhabited by modern humans for at least 29,000 years.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light, more or less leptomorphic, long and convex nose that can get narrow, high cheekbones, close-set eyes, angular chin and large jaws
~ Dinaricized (Alpino-)Atlantid

This type constitutes a basic Welsh phenotype : it's very prevailing. When more leptomorphic and darker (let's add full lips, a convex nose rather parallel to the face, triangular "horsy" face, ...) some individuals approach Atlanto-Med types from the Atlantic (Western France, NW Spain, ...) as well as some Belgian types. This type was already identified in the Celtic fringes of the British Isles in Cornwall, Devon, North Wales, ...

Obviously, more classical pan-British Atlantid types are found : light-red hair, little eyelids, puffier nose, ...

- Type 2 : Light, brachymorphic, little low-rooted nose, high cheekbones, wide forehead, large and strong jaws, wide-set eyes, pointy chin
~ Alpinoid/Brünn

  • Final morphotypes :

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