Friday, January 1, 2010

Pamplona : Navarre (Spain)

Pamplona is located in the middle of Navarre, in a rounded valley known as the Cuenca de Pamplona, that links the mountainous North with the Ebro valley. It is thought that it was the chief town of the Vascones hence its vernacular Basque name Iruñea "the city". The Ebro valley and the "Cuenca de Pamplona" have gradually lost the use of the Basque language since the Middle-Ages (Pamplona itself losing the use of its vernacular language in the XIXth century) and a Romance dialect named "Navarro" emerged (still spoken in High Aragon). I've tried to sample people from non-Basque-speaking areas whose surnames are a mix of Romance and romanized Basque ones which are shared with neighbouring Rioja.

  • Sample :
Full Scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark, leptomorphic, triangular face, long nose, close set eyes, angular chin and large jaws
~ Atlanto-Med

Lighter complexion :

Like in neighbouring Rioja, a dinaricized and less leptomorphic variant can be found : those individuals might be quite specifically Basque-looking.

- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion, brachymorphic, square-faced, short nose, high cheekbones, low wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid

  • Final morphotypes :

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