Thursday, January 21, 2010

Beira Interior (Portugal)

Beira was one of the six traditional provinces or "comarcas" of Portugal. In the early 19th century Beira was divided into three provinces : Beira Alta (Guarda) and Beira Baixa (Castelo Branco) did constitute Beira Interior. The area was settled by the Lusitanians : in Beira they stayed until they defeated the Celts and other tribes, then they expanded up to the Tagus middle valley (current Spanish Extremadura), before being conquered by the Romans.

Engravings were discovered in Vila Nova de Foz Côa, in northeastern Portugal. The site in situated in the valley of the Côa river, and comprises thousands of engraved drawings of horses, bovines and other animal, human and abstract figures, dated from 22,000 to 10,000 years BCE.


  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark complexion, brachymorphic, broad face, round features, thick browridges , short broad nose, wide-spaced sloping eyes
~ Alpinoid/Berid




This type was previously identified in Spanish Extremadura (Cáceres) and neighbouring Trás-os-Montes. Variants do exist (convex nose, broader features, ...) which can be transitional with Type 2.





- Type 2 :
Dark complexion, leptomorphic, triangular - somehow "horsy" - face, long and narrow nose, large jaw, close-set eyes
~ Dinaricized Mediterranean



This is the quintessential Iberian type which is quite widespread throughout the whole Peninsula. However, very light and "British-looking" individuals are not present in that sample contrary to Northern Portugal.

Eventually, more classical Mediterranean phenotypes are detected :



  • Final morphotypes :

5 comments:

  1. the male morph resembles a lot one of my best friends in Tuscany. He is rather dark and call him ''marocchino'' for his ability to tan quickly.
    possibly a med / cm-berid mix.

    Interestingly, in a country presumed to be dominated by leptodolico morph ''mediterranoids'' the female is very brachymorphic.

    Platypus

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. @Platypus, never seen a berid in Tuscany.
      Tuscany has immigrations like every other country or region in Europe.

      Delete
  2. Just to say that these people (of the picture) for sure dont have a native portuguese origin, for sure...

    http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2766/4293366931_12a5b068ed_o.jpg

    ReplyDelete
  3. That's ridiculous : these people live in France and were born in very rural areas from Beira Interior. Such types are also found in neighbouring Zamora (Spain's "darkest" area whatever that means). Everyday, I see amongst the Portuguese community of my town such faces.

    ReplyDelete
  4. "the male morph resembles a lot one of my best friends in Tuscany. He is rather dark and call him ''marocchino'' for his ability to tan quickly.
    possibly a med / cm-berid mix.

    Interestingly, in a country presumed to be dominated by leptodolico morph ''mediterranoids'' the female is very brachymorphic.

    Platypus "


    LOL
    He looks too like a friend of mine from Catalonia, who is darker than the morph though, and tans even under a light bulb.
    Might be a littoral line then.

    ReplyDelete

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