Agrigento's establishment took place around 582-580 BCE and is attributed to Greek colonists from Gela, who named it Akragas. Akragas grew rapidly, becoming one of the richest and most famous of the Greek colonies of Magna Graecia. The city was disputed between the Romans and the Carthaginians during the First Punic War : the Romans eventually captured Akragas in 210 BCE and renamed it Agrigentum, although it remained a largely Greek-speaking community for centuries thereafter.
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1: Dark complexion, leptomorphic, long and narrow nose, very large jaw, close-set eyes, prominent chin
Somehow, this robust phenotype is not very Italian-looking : it may remind us of some Iberian Atlanto-Med phenotypes. It might just be a matter of perception.
- Type 2: Dark complexion, brachymorphic, arched nose, very large jaw, high cheekbones, rather distanced eyes on women
~ Dinaricized Alpino-Mediterranean
This phenotype is more on par with what one can expect from Sicily. More gracile and very "Italic-looking" individuals - that were virtually absent from Calabria - are to be found :
- Final morphotypes :