Saturday, December 26, 2009

Outer Hebrides : Scotland (The British Isles)

The Outer Hebrides, (Na h-Eileanan Siar in Gaelic) comprise an island chain off the west coast of Scotland. The Hebrides were originally settled in the Mesolithic era and have a diversity of important prehistoric sites. Eilean Dòmhnuill in Loch Olabhat was constructed circa 3200-2800 BC and may be Scotland's earliest crannog. The later Iron Age inhabitants of the northern and western Hebrides were probably Pictish. The Outer and Inner Hebrides came under Norse control and settlement before the 9th century AD.


  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light, brachymorphic, convex nose, high cheekbones, large and strong jaws, pointy chin
~ Alpinoid



A very British subtype, it's actually transitional with more typical Atlantid types.


- Type 2 : Light, leptomorphic, convex nose, large and strong jaws, triangular face, close-set eyes
~ Atlantid




This type is undoubtedly very common in Atlantic Europe. A darker "Black Celt" series :


  • Final morphotypes :

Friday, December 25, 2009

Venice : Veneto (Italy)

The Veneti were an ancient people who inhabited north-eastern Italy, in an area corresponding to the modern-day region of the Veneto. The ancient Veneti spoke Venetic, an extinct Indo-European language which is attested in approximately 300 short inscriptions dating from the 6th to 1st centuries BC. While there are no historical records that deal directly with the origins of Venice (Venezia in Italian), the available evidence has led several historians to agree that the original population of Venice comprised refugees from neighbouring Roman cities fleeing Germanic invasions. However late Roman sources reveal the existence of fishermen on the islands in the original marshy lagoons. They were referred to as incolae lacunae (lagoon dwellers).

  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Light pigmentation, light eyes (green or "aqua blue"), more or less leptomorphic, straight nose, large jaws
~ Nordid



This type is quite abundant in North Italy. Livid blue eyes seem to be an Italian trademark.


- Type 2 :
Light pigmentation, brachymorphic, wide-set eyes, little and low-rooted nose, high cheekbones
~ Alpinoid




Dark variants :


- Type 3 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, brachycephalic (?), arched and high-rooted nose, pointy chin, high cheekbones
~ Dinarid



In comparison with the remainder of Veneto, this type - quite specific to the Adriatic - appears to be quite pigmented and more "Mediterranean"-looking in Venice.

  • Final morphotypes :

Tuesday, December 22, 2009

Cáceres : Extremadura (Spain)

The origins of Cáceres go back to prehistoric times, as evidenced by the paintings in the Cuevas de Maltravieso (Maltravieso Caves) which date back to the late Paleolithic period around 25,000 B.C. Cáceres started to gain importance as a strategic city under Roman occupation, and remains found in the city suggest that it was a thriving center as early as 25 BC. After the end of the Roman Empire, the city was occupied by Germanic tribes then was under Arab rule : it was eventually reconquered by the Christians in the 13th century.

  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark, brachymorphic, square-faced, large jaws, short nose, low wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid



Somehow, the combination of wide spaced and sloping eyes and very broad and round faces exhibit a Portuguese flavour (more particularly on females).


- Type 2 : Dark, leptomorphic, long face, long high-rooted nose, close set eyes
~ Mediterranoid



  • Final morphotypes :

Saturday, December 19, 2009

Limburg : Flanders (Belgium)

Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Maas river. In Roman times, Limburg was situated in the Roman province of Germania Inferior and inhabited by Celtic tribes. The medieval Duchy of Limburg consisted of parts of the present Belgian provinces Liège (northeastern part) and Limburg, the Dutch province of Limburg (southern part), and a small part of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. In 1839 the Dutch province of Limburg (which imperfectly encompassed the former Duchy of Limburg because of administrative reforms under French rule) was split into so-called Dutch Limburg and Belgian Limburg. Funnily enough, the very town of Limbourg is now in Romance-speaking Wallonia.

Notwithstanding this complex administrative history, Limburg is somehow a linguistic reality through the Limburgish dialects of the Dutch language (named plat by locals).


  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Light, brachymorphic, developed browridges, high and straight forehead, broad cheekbones, very broad jaw, wide set eyes
~ Borreby




- Type 2 : Light, leptomorphic, leptoprosopic, long nose, long and narrow jaw
~ Nordic



This is the infamous "horsy" phenotype so sommon amongst Flemish people and illustrated by Belgian singer Jacques Brel (born in Brussels from West Flemish parents).


One can find noticeably darker variants which are not uncommon at all in the whole geographic Netherlands :



With more dinaromorphism, some individuals exhibit a British flavour :


  • Final morphotypes :

Thursday, December 17, 2009

Nuoro : Sardinia (Italy)

The earliest traces of human settlements in the Nuoro area (Nùgoro in Sardinian), the so-called Domus de janas, date back to the 3rd millennium BC. The province of Nuoro was a center of the Nuraghe civilization from 1500 BC, including more than 30 nuraghe sites, such has that at Tanca Manna with about 800 huts. The area, lying on the road from Karalis (Cagliari) to Ulbia (Olbia) was also colonized by the Romans.


  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :
Special thanks to Platypus.


- Type 1 :
Dark, leptomorphic, long faced, straight nose, narrow dark eyes
~ Mediterranoid



This is the typical Sardinian face : it really reminds us of some coastal Eastern Iberian faces in Catalonia, on the other side of the Mediterranean.

Women are more in an Alpinoid range :


A lighter variant is more generic and quite widespread in Southern Italy : it's characterized by a more convex nose and wide-set eyes.




- Type 2 : Dark, box faced, little and large nose, wide and narrow dark eyes ("pseudo epicanthus"), broad features
~ Berid




This type has been thoroughly described by anthropologists (Biasutti named it "Paleo-Sardinian") : it's very Sardinian-looking as well.

  • Final morphotypes :

Thursday, December 10, 2009

Cornwall / Kernow : SW England (The British Isles)

Cornwall is a county of England in the United Kingdom, forming the tip of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain. The area now known as Cornwall was first inhabited in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods. It continued to be occupied by Neolithic and then Bronze Age peoples, and later (in the Iron Age) by Celts. It retains a distinct cultural identity, reflecting its history, and modern use of the formerly extinct Cornish language is increasing.


  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Intermediate pigmentation, leptomorphic, long straight nose, close set eyes, angular chin and large jaws
~ Atlantid



This is the pan-British phenotype (sometimes known as "Keltic"). A lighter and more "Nordic" variant :


Conversely, a darker variant noted for higher cheekbones and a more convex nose on males can be identified hinting to an Atlantic continuum from Portugal to the British Isles (~Atlanto-Med).



- Type 2 : Rufous, brachymorphic, wide forehead, little and low-rooted nose, wide set eyes, wide jaws, heavy browridges
~ Brünn



  • Final morphotypes :