Sunday, November 29, 2009

Murcia (Spain)

The region is located in the eastern part of the Cordilleras Béticas mountains. An Iberian land (quite probably belonging to the Bastetani), what would be modern Murcia was part of Roman "Hispania Carthaginensis" then became independent as a taifa centered on the Moorish city of Murcia. Ferdinand III of Castile received the submission of the Moorish king of Murcia in 1243 and Muslims were evicted from the cities. The Spanish spoken in the region has its own accent and local words. The Murcian dialect tends to eliminate many syllable-final consonants and to emphasize regional vocabulary, much of which is derived from Aragonese and old Arabic words. In the early stages of Reconquista, a form of Catalan might have been spoken.

  • Sample :
Full Scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Dark, leptomorphic, long high-rooted nose, close set eyes, angular and somehow pointy chin, large jaws
~ Atlanto-Med

A "lighter" variant can be found : in my opinion, this is the quintessential and proper"Iberian" type, so common on the whole Mediterranean coast from Andalusia to Catalonia.

A more square-faced variant :

- Type 2 : Dark, brachymorphic, square-faced, short nose, low wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid

  • Final morphotypes :

Monday, November 23, 2009

Bergamo : Lombardia (Italy)

Bergamo (Bèrghem in Lombard) occupies the site of the ancient town of Bergomum, founded as a settlement of the Celtic tribe of Cenomani in Cisalpine Gaul over an Etruscan settlement named Barra. In 49 BC it became a Roman municipality and was an important hub on the military road between Friuli and Raetia. From the 6th century Bergamo was the seat of one of the most important Lombard duchies of Northern Italy.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Light pigmentation and light eyes, more or less leptomorphic, arched nose, large jaws and sometimes pointy chin
~ Nordo-Dinarid

It appears to be the quintessential Lombard look. A darker variant :

- Type 2 :
Dark, brachymorphic, little nose, round-faced, broad forehead, wide set eyes, large jaws
~ Alpinid

More in the Med sprectrum :

  • Final morphotypes :