Friday, December 4, 2009

Siena : Tuscany (Italy)

Siena, like other Tuscan hill towns, was first settled in the time of the Etruscans (c. 900 BC to 400 BC) when it was inhabited by a tribe called the Saina. At the time of the Emperor Augustus, a Roman town called Saena Julia was founded in the site. An episcopal town (that more or less encompassed the modern provincie of Siena and Grosseto) and a major centre of money lending in the Middle-Ages, Siena was the centre of a self-governing republic that eventually was incorporated into Tuscany in the XVIth century.

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 : Intermediate pigmentation, leptomorphic, (male brachycephaly ?), long convex nose, close-set eyes
~ Dinaro-Mediterranean

As usual in Tuscany, there's a true sexual dimorphism between men and women, the latter being generally more impressive physically speaking (large jaws, high cheekbones, ...) and noticeably lighter.

A darker series in the Mediterranean spectrum :

Leptoprosopic specimens :

- Type 2 :
Dark, brachymorphic, little nose, wide set eyes, squared and large jaws
~ Alpinoid

Hyperbrachycephalic types that are common in inland Tuscany (Arezzo, ...) are absent from Siena whose ethnic mixture somehow announces Alpino-Med types that are found in Lazio and Campania. Still :

  • Final morphotypes :


  1. Vous croyez que du moment où votre type 1 Dinaro-Mediterranean devient plus Leptoprosopic que ces trois messieurs sont toujours des Dinaro-Mediterranean? Il ne formera pas un autre type? Quelque chose comme des atlanto-med avec celui du milieu qui est atlantid?

  2. Oui tout à fait exact, j'ai mal ficelé cette présentation qui repose sur une distinction ma foi très banale : d'un côté les méditerranoïdes, de l'autre les alpinoïdes.

    "Atlanto-Med" me semble plutôt réservé dans la littérature pour des individus au fond pas véritablement "leptoprosopiques", à savoir que l'Atlanto-Med archétypique possède régulièrement une machoire assez imposante, qui correspond plutôt aux types espagnols (voir La Rioja). Que puis-je mettre ? "Mediterranoid" ?

  3. I doubt some of those people are fully Tuscans.
    Example 3 people in the last 4 pics are suspect.
    The two girls in the penultimate set look asian mixed and the guy look african influenced.

  4. Do you doubt that some are fully Tuscans? Some aren't fully Italians! Some are clearly of foreign ancestry.

  5. LOL! There are obvious foreigner migrants in these pics!

    A French living in Italy

  6. these are not Tuscan for sure, and probably not fully Italian as well

  7. If you want to see how Tuscans really look, take a look at this blog, the pics are based on famous people from Tuscany, not taken from random Facebook people of uncertain origin


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