Thursday, October 15, 2009

Avellino : Campania (Italy)

A former centre of the Samnites, a group of Sabellic tribes, the modern province of Avellino (formerly Abellinum) was part of many South Italian principalities (Benevento then Salerno) that eventually ended under the control of the Kingdom of Naples (Principato Ultra).

  • Sample :
Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark, leptomorphic, long straight nose, close set eyes, angular chin and large jaws
~ Atlanto-Med

An interesting depigmented variant exhibits an even more convex nose (~Dinaro-Med) :

At first glance - this will need improving - my impression is that this whole type somehow sets inland Campania apart from coastal Campania where phenotypes are more in the Type 2 range with infamous Campanian smiles. Let's note that historically speaking, this province seems to have had deeper relationships with the Adriatic than with Naples. Maps of former Italian dioceses can be a hint to former ethnic kinship between Italian provinces.

- Type 2 : Dark, brachymorphic, little nose, round-faced, wide set eyes, large jaws
~ Alpinid

A more leptomorphic variant can be found (~ Alpino-Med) :

  • Final morphotypes :


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  3. Ciao Herau, great idea for the Blog.

    Good classifications, though Your Dinaro-Med type, which shows blondism, is in my opinion more of a Dinaro-Alpinoid type,

    1st man looks very broad jawed. He could approaches a local Borreby equivalent.
    2nd man, belongs to a specific southern Italian type. Dinaro/Alpinoid. His nose seems particulary arched.
    3rd man, looks more Dinaro /med, but probably Alpine/Dinaro/Med general "mixed " type. eyes and eyebrows are reminders of Neapolitan footballer Cannavaro

  4. Hello Heraus,

    Good job as always, and all the best for your blogs.

    The map of dioceses is surely useful in tracking Italians.

    Back in the 30s my grandad drew our genealogical tree, and it was pretty easy for him to get as early as XVI century (thanks to Curia Arcivescovile accurate archives).

    The current administrative borders don't reflect historical regions (but this a platitude).


  5. Thanks for your imput ! I'll take Platypus' remarks into account as they're always interesting and sharp. Contrary to my little French "samples", I'm not able to intuitively know whether my results are credible or not : your comments are always welcome.

    As bandini just said, modern borders don't reflect historical regions. I just hope that provincial samples might give a fair vision of Italy.

  6. Hi there. Just found this your second blog.

    I must say that the first "Atlanto-Med" guy does not even look within the normal European typology. He looks Transmediterranean (i.e. what I call "Mediterranean" for the confusion of all classical anthropometrists, meaning essentially North African or West Asian or South Balcanic or mixed types of the Western Med). Saying that such type is AM only adds to the blurriness of the type to great extremes. Only by pigmentation he does not look Euro, nor do his features look from this side of the Mare Nostrum and I'm pretty sure that I (and most people) would think of him as North African on first, second and third look.

    Otherwise, nice that you have expanded your scope.

  7. The 1st AM guy is clearly tanned.

    Look at the reflex on his skin.

    He also has plucked eyebrows that add to his forced "cool guy" expression.

    You would need more pics to properly classify him.


  8. Some notes about Campania borders.
    There's a recent law project of abolishing Italian provinces with a population less than 220,000 people, and several projects of reorganization got revamped by the proponents.
    In the case of Campania the results are interesting because basically you will revert back to something similar to the Italia Augustea regional division.
    The oldest project is merging the Benevento province with Isernia province, so reforming the ancient Samnium region, with the Adriatic projection.
    There's also a project of joining the Avellino province with the Foggia province, the ancient Daunia home to population of Illyric stock.)
    On the southern front Campania will lose the huge Salerno province to the project of Greater Lucania, joining Potenza and Matera (but Basilicata is itself divided in two areas, Campanian Potenza and Apulian Matera.)
    On the northern front, the Caserta province will extend in Southern Lazio with Gaeta joining the new Campania.
    So basically Campania will revert to what it was in Roman (and pre-Roman) times, ie the provinces of Naples and Caserta with a projection in Southern Lazio.
    I have to say that this reorganization would indeed make a lot of sense from several points of view.


  9. Hi nice blog, I' ve found an interesting dedicated to Italian subraces and differences, take a look if you're interested
    here Campanians


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